Recognize Stroke Symptoms and then Be FAST !
Recognize Stroke Symptoms and then Be FAST !

Be FAST when Stroke Happens !

TIME is of essence when a stroke develops. The sooner stroke is recognized and the patient reaches an appropriate stroke treatment facility the better it is. A period of 2-3 hours is said to be the ‘golden hour’ in this context since if proper treatment is provided within this period damage to the brain cells is minimal.

Yet Stroke awareness is VERY limited. To the extent sometimes days can pass after a ‘ Transient Ischemic Attack ” ( A TIA- which is a sign that problems are happening and a more severe stroke attack can happen any time ) before a patient reaches a hospital, usually after a fully developed stroke has happened.

Hence it is VERY important that an emerging stroke is detected fastest. In English, the “FAST” acronym is most frequently used as under :

FACE:Ask the person to smile.Does one side of the face droop ?
ARM : Ask the person to to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward ?
SPEECH : Ask the person to speak a simple sentence. Are the words slurred ? Can he/she repeat the sentence correctly ?

And if any of these happens, then T for TIME kicks in:
TIME : Take the patient to a nearest hospital ( preferably that equipped to handle stroke ) as FAST as possible.

Repeating above in Hindi:

चेहरा: व्यक्ति को मुस्कुराने के लिए कहें। क्या चेहरे का एक तरफ का हिस्सा नीचे झुकता है ?
बांह : व्यक्ति को दोनों बांहे उठाने के लिए कहें। क्या एक बांह नीचे झुक रही है ?
बोलना : व्यक्ति को एक साधारण वाक्य बोलने के लिए कहें। क्या शब्द स्पष्ट नहीं हैं? क्या वह वाक्य को सही ढंग से दोहरा सकता है ?

और अगर इनमें से एक भी लक्षण है तो :
मरीज को तुरंत नजदीकी न्यूरो अस्पताल ले जाएं !

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